Faculty Directory

Thomas C. Lawton

Visiting Professor of Business Administration








PhD, European University Institute, 1995; MSc, London School of Economics and Political Science, 1991; BA, University College Cork, 1990

Areas of Expertise

Business policy and strategy, international business


International Strategy


Professor Lawton’s expertise is situated at the intersection of strategy, innovation, and internationalization. He researches three main areas: business model innovation, where he has worked for more than a decade on both growth and turnaround strategies, new organizational forms and processes for engaging political and social actors and arenas, and how firms manage and mitigate political risk when entering and embedding in foreign markets. He teaches a course in International Strategy at Tuck.

Current Research Topics

  • Strategic management and international business
  • Strategy alignment and the antecedents of political and social capabilities
  • Trade association configuration and influence
  • Managing political risk in international market entry
  • Competitive renewal through innovation ecosystems

Professional Activities

Academic positions

  • Visiting Professor, Tuck School of Business, 2010–present
  • Professor of Strategy and International Management, the Open University Business School, 2012–present
  • Visiting Professor, ALBA Graduate Business School, 2004–present
  • Visiting Professor, The Møller Centre, Churchill College, 2010–present
  • Visiting Professor, EMYLON Business School, 2012–present
  • Professor of Strategy and International Business, EMLYON Business School, 2010–12
  • Professor of Strategic Management, School of Management, Cranfield University, 2008–10
  • Visiting Professor, IEDC Bled School of Management, 2006
  • Visiting Professor, Tuck School, 2004–06
  • Visiting Professor, IESEG, Université Catholique de Lille, 2002–04
  • Senior Lecturer, Imperial College Business School, 2002–08
  • Visiting Professor, Sup. De Co. Amiens, 2001–04
  • Lecturer, Royal Holloway University of London, 1996–2002

Nonacademic positions

  • Executive development for current and previous clients including: Alcon, Bombardier Transportation, Carrier, China Industrial Bank, CITIC Bank, Enterprise Ireland, Fix-a-Form International, International Air Transport Association, IBM, Invest Northern Ireland, JP Morgan, Mapfre, Quest Group, Rothco, Singapore High Technology Association, S7 Airlines, SriLankan Airlines, UnionPay, United Technologies, Volvo, and WYG Group.
  • Press and Public Affairs Intern, Delegation of the Commission of the European Communities to the United States, Washington D.C.

Editorial positions

  • Editor, Strategy Matters (Routledge Book Series)
  • Associate Editor, Long Range Planning
  • Guest Editor, Management International Review
  • Editorial Boards
    • International Business Review, Irish Journal of Management
  • Ad-hoc Reviewer
    • British Journal of Management, International Business Review, International Journal of Management Reviews, Journal of European Public Policy, Journal of International Business Studies, Journal of Management Studies, Journal of World Business, Long Range Planning, Strategic Management Journal

Working Papers

  • With A. John, R. García-García, and T. Rajwani, "Making Sense of Reputational Risk in Nonmarket Strategy: A Dual Processing Theory Approach"
  • With C. Mbalyohere, R. Boojihawon, and H. Viney, "Divergent Responses to Institutional Voids: EMNE and AMNE Strategies in Uganda's Electricity Industry"
  • With C. Mbalyohere and H. Viney, "Corporate Political Activity in Africa: Exploring New Frontiers for MNE Strategic Engagement"
  • With A. John, "Political Risk Management: A Literature Review and Research Agenda"
  • With V. Shirodkar and H.A. Tham, "The Microfoundations of Nonmarket Capabilities: Juxtaposing Corporate and Collective Strategy Practices"
  • With M.A. De Villa, T. Rajwani, and K. Mellahi, "To Engage or Not to Engage with Host-Governments? Home Country and Political Risk Effects on MNE Corporate Political Activity"
  • With J. Puck and A. Mohr, "Corporate Political Activity and the MNC"
  • With T. Rajwani, "Do Trade Associations Matter? Exploring Role and Influence in Scholarship and Society"
  • With J. Puck, "Building Nonmarket Capabilities"
  • With R. Garcia-Garcia, L. Fernandez-Mendez, A. John, and E. Garcia-Canal, "Strategic Groups and New Organizational Forms: A Real Options Approach to Understanding International Airline Constellations"
  • With J. Puck and A. John, "Connecting Corporate Political Activity and Firm Performance: A Meta-Analytic Study"
  • With R. Garcia-Garcia, A. John, and T. Rajwani, "A Study of Political Donations, Board Ties, and Corporate Acquisition"
  • With B. Krasniqi, "Nonmarket Strategy and Joint Venture Performance: A Multi-Country Firm Level Analysis"
  • With D. Angwin, G. Carli, P. Barbieri, and B. Dattee, "Innovation Interdependencies and Capability Rrenewal Post-Acquisition: A Study of Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A."
  • With M. Meadows, A. John, and G. Carli, "Learning and Strategic Management Skills"
  • With A. John, "Foreign Market Entry Decisions: The Role and Measurement of Political Context"
  • With B. Dattee, P. Barbieri, and D. Angwin, "Renewing Lamborghini: Exploring Innovation Interdependencies and Capability Development in Luxury Manufacturing"
  • With C. Mbalyohere, "Tackling Institutional Fragility with Strategic Legitimacy: A Study of MNE Corporate Political Activity in Sub-Saharan Africa"
  • With C. Mbalyohere, "Multi-Level CPA in Emerging Markets: Lessons from Electricity Generation in Uganda"
  • With A. John, "Nonmarket Strategy and Firm Performance: Determining Causality and Outcomes"
  • With M.A. De Villa, T. Rajwani, and K. Mellahi, "Learning to Survive in Difficult Political Contexts"


  • 2016 Emerald Citation of Excellence, awarded by Emerald Group Publishing, for most cited paper in the areas of business management, finance, accounting, economics, and marketing, for "Corporate Political Activity: a Literature Review and Research Agenda," in International Journal of Management Reviews
  • Research grant from Santander Universities Network for (research collaboration on) "Nonmarket Strategies: Analyzing Performance Impact," 2015–16
  • Elected Representative at Large, the Practice of Strategy Interest Group of the Strategic Management Society, 2009–11
  • Invited member of the Teaching Committee, Business Policy and Strategy Group, Academy of Management, 2004–06
  • Fellow, Strategic Planning Society; Fellow, Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA)

Selected Publications

  • With T. Rajwani, The Routledge Companion to Non-Market Strategy, Routledge, 2015
  • With T. Rajwani and N. Phillips, “The Voice of Industry: Why Management Researchers Should Pay More Attention to Trade Associations," Strategic Organization, 13(3), 2015
  • With M.A. De Villa Correa and T. Rajwani, "Market Entry Modes in a Multipolar World: Untangling the Moderating Effect of the Political Environment," International Business Review, 24(3), 2015
  • With J. Doh and T. Rajwani, Aligning for Advantage: Competitive Strategies for the Political and Social Arenas, Oxford University Press, 2014
  • With J. Doh, T. Rajwani and S. Paroutis, "Why Your Company May Need a Chief External Officer: Upgrading External Affairs Can Help Align Strategy and Improve Competitive Advantage," Organisational Dynamics, 43(3), 2014
  • With A. Pilkington, “Divided by a Common Language? Transnational Insights into Epistemological and Methodological Approaches to Strategic Management Research in English Speaking Countries,” Long Range Planning, 47(5), 2014
  • With S. McGuire and T. Rajwani, "Corporate Political Activity: a Literature Review and Research Agenda," International Journal of Management Reviews, 15(1), 2013
  • With T. Rajwani and J. Doh, "The Antecedents of Political Capabilities: A Study of Ownership, Cross-Border Activity and Organization at Legacy Airlines in a Deregulatory Context," International Business Review, 22(1), February, 2013
  • With J. Doh and T. Rajwani, "Advancing Nonmarket Strategy Research: Institutional Perspectives in a Multipolar World," The Academy of Management Perspectives, 26(3), 2012
  • With T. Rajwani and P. Reinmoeller, "Do You Have A Survival Instinct? Leveraging Genetic Codes to Achieve Fit in Hostile Business Environments," Business Horizons, 55(1), 2012
  • With T. Rajwani and C. O’Kane, "Strategic Reorientation and Business Turnaround: The Case of Global Legacy Airlines," Journal of Strategy and Management, 4(2), 2011
  • With T. Rajwani, "Designing Lobbying Capabilities: Managerial Choices in Unpredictable Environments," European Business Review, 23(2), 2011
  • With A. Gogbashian. "Keeping the Legacy Carrier Competitive: How Can Mature Airlines Stay Ahead in the Low Fare Airline Era?" in J.F. O’Connell and G. Williams (eds.) Air Transport in the 21st Century: Key Strategic Developments, Ashgate, 2011
  • With J. Story, "The Global Dynamics of Business-State Relations," in D. Coen, W. Grant and G. Wilson (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Business and Government, Oxford University Press, 2010
  • With J. Lindeque and S. McGuire. "Multilateralism and the Multinational Enterprise: the WTO’s Influence on Strategy Process," Business and Politics, 11(2), 2009
  • With S. Finkelstein and C. Harvey, "Vision by Design: a Reflexive Approach to Enterprise Regeneration," Journal of Business Strategy, 29(2), 2008